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Toxicara egg viability

Stephen G. Kayes kayes at SUNGCG.USOUTHAL.EDU
Tue Jan 30 22:59:57 EST 1996


	I would like to add to Paula's comment that, "sorry, they don't
decay". She is correct.  However, I am not too sure your local vet will be
of any help other than supportive.  The eggs can overwinter in the frozen
reaches of Canada and survive the hot (but extremely moist) summers where
I live (Gulf of Mexico).  In the lab I culture Toxocara eggs in 1 N NaOH
(Lye) for 30 min and then maintain them indefinitely in 0.1 N sulphuric
acid (H2SO4).  They have also been maintained in dilute formalin
(embalming fluid).  In practical terms in the lab we cannot kill them with
organic solvents but we can rapidly kill them with a dilute iodine
solution (Betadine diluted to 20 - 30%). 

	I have seen reference made recently to a device called a 
horticulturist's flame gun which sounds remarkably like a flame thrower 
to me.  If the purpose of such a device is to scorch the earth, you might 
succeed.  You might want to consider high pressure steam applied for a 
period of several minutes although this doesn't sound too practical.  Also 
might consider turning over the soil so as to deeply bury the surface 
soil; also not too practical. 

	Lastly, Dr. Beaver has written eloquently of soil transmitted 
helminth eggs being spread across the surface of the earth by rain 
splatter and the action of dung beetles.  Thus, consider that the eggs 
you thought were in but a single place may be spread all about your back 

	--Just when you thought it was safe to go back to the yard.

	Steve Kayes

     /\      /\//\/######/  /\/#######\ ! Stephen G. Kayes, Ph.D.       !
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On Tue, 30 Jan 1996, Paula Sanch wrote:

> Peter wrote:
> > 
> > We have moved to a house whose garden was covered with dog faeces,
> > from the previous occupants. We have two very young children, and
> > there is the obvious risk. One cannot guarantee that a child will not
> > put his fingers in his mouth sometime.
> > 
> > I am aware that the soil does not *become* dangerous for around 2
> > weeks after the dog has done its business.
> > 
> > How many months do the eggs take to decay in the soil?
> Sorry, Peter, but they don't "decay".  Contact a local 
> veterinarian for help in making your yard safe for the kids.
> -- 
> Paula.Sanch at emich.edu
> -----------------------------

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