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Anatomy of Hallucinations(part 1)

Keneth Grandchamp grandcha at cmu.unige.ch
Thu Jan 4 09:35:21 EST 1996


Anatomy of Hallucinations   by:Claude Rifat
Introduction:Since the beginnings of mankind hallucinations have had an 
important role in human behaviours.The destiny of man has been guided by three 
forms of hallucinations:
I.Oneiric hallucinations 
2.Cortical hallucinations
3.Cortico-limbic hallucinations
Oneiric hallucinations are those hallucinations in which all of 
us,regularly,penetrate each night.These are the dream hallucinations.
Cortical hallucinations are those induced,experimentally,with hallucinogens or 
experienced by mystics and schizophrenics.For instance,the vision or the 
hearing of a non-existent stimulus is called a cortical hallucination.
Cortico-limbic hallucinations are emotions which are experienced without 
concomittant exogenous stimulation.
All these forms of hallucinations have played a major role in the evolution 
and survival of man.
Oneiric and cortical hallucinations have played an important role in the 
evolution of man until recently where these forms of hallucinations have been 
recognised for what they are:virtual perceptions.
Cortico-limbic hallucinations are the stuff of everyday's life!They go 
on,unrecognised,and unidentified.This is why I,sometimes,call these 
potentially dangerous hallucinations "non-identified hallucinations"(N.I.H).We 
spend a lot of time in cortico-limbic hallucinations without ever knowing that 
we are hallucinating...
A man or a woman devoid of these unidentified hallucinations would be quite 
similar to what we imagine a robot should be!
All of these hallucinations gave rise to the different religions of men 
including,of course,the main present-day religions.Man has never been able to 
confront the exogenous reality(also called "exoreality")without 
hallucinating.Even scientists who try to get rid of their hallucinations 
are,very often,still plagued by NIH...

Oneiric and Cortical Hallucinations 
These hallucinations do not proceed randomly with time as non-experienced 
observers usually imagine.They obey to some fundamental laws regarding the 
organisation of biological memories.One of the major law of how one 
hallucination develops itself through time is the law of "homologies 
motifielles",in french.This could be translated as the law of "homologous 
patterns",in english.
This law states that an hallucinatory object transforms itself non-randomly 
with time.Hallucinations follow a law of pattern transformations.This law is 
useful in analysing alleged hallucinations like in the case of flying 
saucers,for instance,or any other reported unusual phenomenon.
What is interesting in analysing flying saucers cases if that one cannot 
find,in the vast majority of cases,any track of hallucinations!So these 
reports can be only faked or true but certainly not hallucinated.
We can observe on ourselves hallucinations in two ways:
I.Focusing our visual attention,in total darkness,on something.It is very easy 
to observe faint hallucinations and follow them if one has not slept for many 
2.Taking hallucinogens.
Those hallucinations induced by hallucinogens or by focusing our attention on 
some kind of thoughts always follow a sequence of events:
I.First we start to see changing colours.Violet-blue and red are prominent.
2.Suddenly,ROTATING REITERATED objects appear.They rotate mostly in one 
direction and slowly,perhaps one rotation per 5 seconds.
While rotating these informational objects can change themselves in other 
rotating and reiterated objects.Reiteration seems to be the prerequesite in 
order for the nervous system to synthesise more complex hallucinations 
reminiscent of the "real" exogenous reality.
Reiteration is also something commonly found in arts.I think especially here 
to Siamese patterns of traditional painting and to drawings like of those of 
Escher which have a strongly hallucinogenic flavour.Some of Escher's drawings 
 are certainly hallucinations observed in this state.
3.Reiterations,suddenly,disappear to be replaced by complex images.
In fact,this sequence of hallucinations is a bit more complex but can be 
disregarded here,for clarity and simplicity.
Rotating reiterated objects can also easily be seen in daylight under the 
indolalkylamine psilocine.
It is a very enjoyable thing to scientifically observe and describe 
hallucinations because with such observations you are penetrating deep in the 
functionning of biological memories.And of couse biological memories do not 
work at all like man-made memories.For instance our memory is an "intersecting 
memory",something which does not yet exist in man-made memories.In 
fact,intersections are what make the rise of intelligence possible.Without 
such intersections no flexibility can develop and without flexibil
ity you cannot have thoughts.
The study of hallucinations give us new ways of imagining novel computers 
which could give rise to artificial intelligence.To that effect we should one 
day create intersectional computers working as pattern analysers because 
biological memories are,basically,pattern analysers not sequential numerical 
What is an "intersection"?
An intersection is a small reiterated memory zone which connects different 
sequences of stored information.For instance,a simple sound like the sound of 
the letter "A" is an intersection.In an artificial memory sounds are stored 
sequentially and the same sounds are stored many times.In an intersecting 
memory one sound is stored only once(in a reiterated form)and is then recalled 
each time needed.This is a form of natural compression.
I have been thinking since a long time about the reason why reiterations 
precede the appearance of complex hallucinations.One intuitive reason seems to 
be that reiterated objects are the first informationnal procedure in order to 
be able for the brain to synthesise complex hallucinations.

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