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AIDS: Man-made?

TRKeske trkeske at aol.com
Sat Jan 31 23:03:27 EST 1998




AIDS: A U.S.- Made Monster?    

I am reposting an article that can also be views on the web at:

      http://www.oppapers.com/science/aids.txt
      http://home.onestop.net/osan/school/Essays-Science/AIDS

I am not necessarily endorsing everything in this essay, although I
think that does raise some interesting possibilities.  I welcome any
intelligent critique (if internet newsgroups can remember what that is).
If there is truly worthwhile rebuttal, I hope to see it in the form of
some in-depth technical discussion.   I'm merely a layman, and will
be unimpressed by emotional outbursts- it you've got a point, please
support it with something equally concrete and specific.

Tom Keske
Boston, Mass.

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AIDS: A U.S.-Made Monster

In an extensive article in the Summer-Autumn 1990 issue of Top
Secret, Prof J. Segal and Dr. L. Segal outline their theory that
AIDS is a man-made disease,  originating at Pentagon
bacteriological warfare labs at Fort Detrick,  Maryland.
Top Secret is the international edition of the German magazine 
Geheim and is considered by many to be a sister publication to
the American Covert Action Information Bulletin (CAIB). In fact,
Top Secret carries the Naming Names column, which CAIB is prevented
 from doing by the American government, and which names CIA agents
in different locations in the world. The article, named AIDS:
US-Made Monster and subtitled AIDS - its Nature and its Origins, is
lengthy, has a lot of professional terminology and is dotted with
footnotes.    

AIDS FACTS     

The fatal weakening of the immune system which has given AIDS
its name  (Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome), write the Segals,
has been traced back  to a destruction or a functional failure of the
T4-lymphocytes, also called  'helper cells', which play a
regulatory role in the production of antibodies in the immune
system. In the course of the illness, the number of functional
T4- cells is reduced greatly so that new anti-bodies cannot be
produced and  the defenseless patient remains exposed to a range
of infections that under other circumstances would have been
harmless. 

Most AIDS patients die from opportunistic infections rather than
from the AIDS virus itself. The initial  infection is characterized
by diarrhea, erysipelas and intermittent fever. An  apparent
recovery follows after 2-3 weeks, and in many cases the patient 
remains without symptoms and  functions normally for years.
Occasionally a  swelling of the lymph glands, which does not
affect the patient's well-being,  can be observed. 

After several years, the pre-AIDS stage, known as ARC
(Aids-Related Complex) sets in. This stage includes disorders
in the digestive  tract, kidneys and lungs. In most cases it
develops into full-blown AIDS in  about a year, at which point
opportunistic illnesses occur. Parallel to this syndrome, disorders
in various organ systems occur, the most severe in the brain,
the symptoms of which range from motoric disorders to severe
dementia and death. 

This set of symptoms, say the Segals, is identical in every detail
with the Visna sickness which occurs in sheep, mainly in Iceland.
(Visna means tiredness in Icelandic). However, the visna virus is
not pathogenic for  human beings.  The Segals note that despite
the fact that AIDS is transmitted  only through sexual intercourse,
blood transfusions and non-sterile hypodermic needles, the
infection has spread dramatically. 

During the first few years after its discovery, the number of AIDS
patients doubled every six months, and is still doubling every 12
months now though numerous measures have been taken against it.
Based on these figures, it is estimated that in the US, which had
120,000 cases of AIDS at the end of 1988, 900,000 people will have
AIDS or will have died of it by the end of 1991. It is also
estimated that the number of people infected is at least ten times
the number of those suffering from an acute case of AIDS.
That in the year 1995 there will be between 10-14 million cases
of AIDS and an additional 100 million people infected, 80 percent
of them in the US, while a possible vaccination will not be
available before 1995 by the most optimistic estimates. 

Even when such vaccination becomes available, it will not help
those already infected.  These and following figures have been
reached at by several different mainstream sources, such as the
US Surgeon General and the Chief of the medical services of the
US Army. AIDS does not merely bring certain dangers with it
is clearly a programmed catastrophe for the human race, whose
magnitude is comparable only with that of a nuclear war, say the 
Segals.  They later explain what they mean by programmed,
showing that the virus was produced by humans, namely
Dr. Robert Gallo of the Bethesda Cancer Research Center in
Maryland. 

When proceeding to prove their claims, the Segals are careful
to note that: We have given preference to the investigative
results of highly renowned laboratories, whose objective contents
cannot be doubted. We must emphasize, in this connection, that
we do not know of any findings that have been published in
professional journals that contradict our hypotheses.    
      

DISCOVERING AIDS     

The first KNOWN cases of AIDS occurred in New York in 1979.
The first  DESCRIBED cases were in California in 1979. The virus
was isolated in Paris in May 1983, taken from a French homosexual
who had returned home ill from a trip to the East Coast of the US. 

One year later, Robert Gallo and his co-workers at the Bethesda
Cancer Research Center published their discovery of the same
virus, which is cytotoxic. ( i.e poisonous to cells ).  Shortly after
publishing his discovery, Gallo stated to newspapers that the virus
had developed by a natural process from the Human Adult
Leukemia virus, HTLV-1, which he had previously discovered.
However, this claim was not published in professional
publications, and soon after, Alizon and Montagnier, two
researchers of the Pasteur Institute in Paris published charts of
HTLV-1 and HIV, showing that the viruses had basically different
structures. They also declared categorically that they knew of no
natural process by which one of these two forms could have evolved
into the other.

According to the professional science magazine, the fall 1984
annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement
of Science (AAAS), was almost entirely devoted to the question of:
to what extent new pathogenic agents could be produced via human
manipulation of genes.  According to the Segals,  AIDS was
practically the sole topic of discussion.


THE AIDS VIRUS

The Segals discuss the findings of Gonda et al, who compared
the HIV, visna and other closely-related viruses and found that
the visna virus is the most similar to HIV. The two were, in
fact, 60% identical in 1986.  

According to findings of the Hahn group, the mutation rate of
the HIV virus was about a million times higher than that of
similar viruses, and that on the average a 10% alteration took
place every two years. That would mean that in 1984, the
difference between HIV and visna would have been only 30%, 
in 1982- 20%, 10% in 1980 and zero in 1978. This means, say
the Segals, that at this time visna viruses changed into HIV,
receiving at the same time the ability to become parasites in
human T4-cells and the high genetic instability that is not
known in other retroviruses. 

This is also consistent with the fact that the first cases of
AIDS appeared about one year later, in the spring of 1979.
In this comparison of the genomes of visna and HIV, add
the Segals, Coffin hit upon a remarkable feature. The env
(envelope) area of the HIV genome, which  encodes the 
envelope proteins which help the virus to attach itself to
the host cell, is about 300 nucleotides longer than the same
area in visna. This behaviour suggests that an additional piece
has been inserted into the genomes of the visna virus, a piece
that alters the envelope proteins and enables them to 
bind themselves to the T4-receptors. 

BUT THIS SECTION BEHAVES LIKE A BIOLOGICALLY
ALIEN BODY, which does not match the rest of the system 
biochemically.  The above mentioned work by Gonda et al shows
that the HIV virus has a section of about 300 nucleotides, 
which does not exist in the visna virus.  That length
corresponds with what Coffin described. That section is
particularly unstable, which indicates that it is an alien
object.  According to the Segals, it originates in an HTLV-1
genome, (discovered by Gallo-ED) for the likelihood of an
accidental occurrence in HIV of a genome sequence 60%
identical with a section of the HTLV-1 that is 300 nucleotides
in length is zero. 

Since the visna virus is incapable of attaching gitself to human
T4 receptors, it must have been the transfer of the HTLV-1 genome
section which gave visna the capability to do so. In other words,
the addition of HTLV-1 to visna made the HIV virus. In addition,
the high mutation rate of the HIV genome has been explained
by another scientific team, Chandra et al, by the fact that it is
a combination of two genome parts which are alien to each 
other BY ARTIFICIAL MEANS rather than by a natural
process of evolution, because this process would have
immediately eliminated, through natural selection,
systems that are so replete with disorders. 

These are the facts of the case, say the Segals.  HIV is
essentially a visna virus which carries an additional protein
monomer of HTLV-1 that has an epitope capable of bonding
with T4 receptors. Neither Alizon and Montagnier nor any other
biologist know of any natural mechanism that would make it 
possible for the epitope to be transferred from HTLV-1 to the
visna virus. 

For this reason we can come to only one conclusion: that this gene 
combination arose by artificial means, through gene manipulation.  

THE CONSTRUCTION OF HIV 

The construction of a recombinant virus by means of gene
manipulation is  extraordinarily expensive, and it requires a
large number of highly qualified  personnel, complicated
equipment and expensive high security laboratories. 
Moreover, the product would have no commercial value.  Who, 
then, ask the Segals, would have provided the resources for
a type of  research that was  aimed solely at the production of a
new disease that would be deadly to human beings? 

The English sociologist Allistair Hay (as well as Paxman et al 
in A  Higher Form of Killing-ED), published a document whose
authenticity has been confirmed by the US Congress, showing
that a representative of the Pentagon requested in 1969 additional
funding for biological warfare research. The intention was to
create, within the next ten years, a new virus that would  
not be susceptible to the immune system, so that the afflicted
patient would not be able to develop any defense against it.
Ten years later, in the spring of 1979, the first cases of
AIDS appeared in New York. 

Thus began a phase of frantic experimentation, say the Segals.
One group was working on trying to cause animal pathogens to
adapt themselves to life in human beings. This was done under
the cover of searching for a cure  for cancer. The race was won by
Gallo, who described his findings in 1975. 

A year later, Gallo described gene manipulations he was
conducting. In 1980 he published his discovery of HTLV. 

In the fall of 1977, a P4 (highest security category of laboratory,
in which human pathogens are subjected to genetic
manipulations) laboratory was officially opened in building
550 of Fort Detrick, MD, the Pentagon's main biological warfare
research center. In an article in 'Der Spiegel`, Prof. Mollings
point out that this type of gene manipulation was still extremely  
difficult in 1977.  One would have had to have a genius as
great as Robert Gallo for this purpose, note the Segals. 
Lo and behold.  

In a supposed compliance with the international accord banning
the research, production and storage of biological weapons, part
of Fort Detrick was demilitarized and the virus section renamed
the Frederick Cancer Research Facility.  It was put under the
direction of the Cancer Research Institute in neighbouring
Bethesda, whose director was no other than Robert Gallo. 
This happened in 1975, the year Gallo discovered HTLV. 

Explaining how the virus escaped, the Segals note that in
the US,  biological agents are traditionally tested on
prisoners who are  incarcerated for long periods, and who are
promised  freedom if they survive the test. However, the initial
HIV infection symptoms are mild and followed by a seemingly
healthy patient. Those who conducted the research must have 
concluded that the new virus was...not so virulent that it could
be considered for military use, and the test patients, who had
seemingly recovered, were given their freedom. Most of the
patients were professional  criminals and New York City, which is
relatively close, offered them a suitable milieu.  

Moreover, the patients were exclusively men, many of them having
a history of homosexuality and drug abuse, as is often the case in
American prisons.  It is understandable why AIDS broke out
precisely in 1979, precisely among men and among drug users,
and precisely in New York City, assert the Segals. They go on to
explain that whereas in cases of infection by means of sexual 
contact, incubation periods are two  years and more, while
in cases of massive infection via blood  transfusions, as must
have been the case with prisoners, incubation periods are shorter
than a year. 

Thus, if the new virus was ready at the beginning of 1978 and if the  
experiments began without too much delay, then the first cases
of full-blown  AIDS in 1979 were exactly the result that could
have been expected. 

In the next three lengthy chapters, the Segals examine other
theories, legends as they call them, of the origins of AIDS. 
Dissecting each claim, they show that they have no scientific
standing, providing also the findings of other scientists.  

They also bring up the arguments of scientists and popular
writers who have been at the task of discounting them as
conspiracy theorists and show these writers' shortcomings.
Interested readers will have to read the original 
article to follow those debates.  

I will only quote two more paragraphs: We often heard the
argument that experiments with human volunteers are part
of a barbaric past, and that they would be impossible in the
US today... We wish to present one single document whose
authenticity is beyond doubt.  

An investigative commission of the US House of Representatives 
presented in October 1986 a final report concerning the Manhattan
Project.  According to this document, between 1945 and 1975
at least 695 American  citizens were exposed to dangerous doses
of radioactivity.  Some of them were prisoners who had
volunteered, but they also included residents of old-age homes, 
inmates of insane asylums, handicapped people in nursing homes,
and even  normal patients in public hospitals, most of them were
subjected to these experiments without their permission.  

Thus the 'barbaric past' is not really a thing of the past.  It is 
remarkable that most of these experiments were carried out in
university institutes and federal hospitals, all of which  are
named in the report. Nonetheless, these facts remained secret
until 1984, and even then a Congressional committee that was
equipped with all the necessary authorization needed two years
in order to bring these facts to life.  

We are often asked how the work on the AIDS virus could have
been kept secret.  Now, experiments performed on a few dozen
prisoners in a laboratory  that is subject to military security
can be far more easily kept secret than  could be the Manhattan
Project.





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