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THE SCIENCE GUIDE DAILY NEWS UPDATE
The Science News from 10:59 AM EST; Monday, December 29, 1997
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******** Features From Daily News Sources *******
BIOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY, AND MEDICINE
**** Birds slaughtered in bid to contain mystery flu - CNN Heath
Poultry workers and government teams began the wholesale slaughter of
birds Monday, the first step in a plan to contain the mysterious "bird
flu" virus that has crossed over to humans and caused four recent deaths.
**** Mystery disease in Kenya and Somalia could be form of anthrax - CNN Heath
An unexplained disease that has caused scores of Kenyans, Somalis and
livestock to bleed to death this month may be a form of anthrax, medical
experts said Sunday.
**** Oral Test for HIV Virus Is Winning Converts - New York Times
The oral test, made by Epitope Inc. of Beaverton, Ore., isn't likely to
replace the more traditional roll-up-your-sleeve test any time soon,
because millions of HIV tests are done each year on blood donations or in
conjunction with other blood-based medical tests. But OraSure _ just one
of several alternative HIV tests on the market, including a home blood
test, a blood test with a 10-minute response test and a urine test _ is
winning converts from coast to coast because it's so easy to take, and
virtually as accurate as a blood test.
**** Nutrition Questions and Answers - New York Times
**** Comment: Consumer-Rights Bill Doesn't Help Doctors - New York Times
Anytime you give something away for nothing, you will never have enough
of it. That is what is happening to physicians' time under managed care.
We are not only expected to give it away, patients are being given the
right to it.
**** Forbes reports that Tylenol can be dangerous in big doses - Nando Times
Tylenol, safe in proper doses, can be very dangerous in slightly larger
doses, Forbes magazine reported in its latest issue.
**** In the fight against AIDS, some find reason to hope - Excite.com News
With new drug regimens fueling a decline in AIDS mortality in the United
States, Americans in 1997 were more optimistic than ever about the
possibility of conquering the devastating illness. But surveys show that
the public, far from thinking the epidemic is over, feels that the
widespread emergence of breakthrough therapies this year has not signaled
the end of AIDS.
**** AIDS drugs - Excite.com News
Eight months after Vice President Al Gore asked for a policy change
allowing poor people with HIV to get effective new drugs for free, the
government has concluded the plan is too costly.
**** Innovation - Excite.com News
Biotech firm develops cancer vaccines.
**** The DNA Drugstore: How Genetics is Changing our Lives: Part Six -
PHYSICS, ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, SPACE, AERONAUTICS, AND AEROSPACE
**** After bad start, Galileo is sending back dramatic data about Jupiter
- Excite.com News
NASA's Galileo mission to Jupiter threatened at times in its long journey
to become a humiliating failure, slowly playing out its sad fate beyond
help, almost half a billion miles from the sun. Instead, the spacecraft
overcame a crippled main antenna and other problems, and its human
handlers have successfully completed their two-year prime mission,
producing dramatic evidence that the Jovian ice-moon Europa once harbored
a liquid ocean capable of nourishing life -- and may still.
**** NASA's Prospector to search for water on moon - Excite.com News
Twenty-five years after men last roamed the moon, NASA is returning with
a little robot named Prospector. Diminutive as it is and cheap, too,
NASA's 4-foot Lunar Prospector will search for something more precious to
scientists than gold: evidence of frozen water at the moon's poles. The
spacecraft also will rummage for gases and minerals that, like polar ice,
could be used by human settlers.
**** Report: U.S. to slash limits on Pacific Coast fishing - CNN Earth
Fearing a sharp decline in Pacific fish, the federal government will
toughen restrictions on the commercial catch for 83 species, including
popular black cod, ling cod, dover sole and rock fish, the Los Angeles
Times reported Sunday.
**** Scientists using Boston Harbor to farm fish - CNN Earth
There was a time when all Boston Harbor seemed able to produce was stink
and slime. Now they want to raise fish there.
**** 'Bird flu' scare hits Chinese farmers - Nando Times
A ban on chicken exports from mainland China to Hong Kong prompted by the
"bird flu" scare is devastating farmers in southern Guangdong province, a
Chinese official said Monday.
ENGINEERING, ENERGY, MATHEMATICS, ANDTECHNOLOGY
**** Pentagon introducing high-tech dog tags - CNN Sci-Tech
By 1999, the 1.4 million members of the active duty military will be
issued a high-tech dog tag that contains a computer chip.
**** Is wind the energy future for Texas? - CNN Sci-Tech
Texas and oil are in many ways synonymous, and pumping stations have been
a familiar part of the region's landscape for decades. But there may soon
be other structures springing up in the state: there is a push to use wind
energy for commercial purposes and to set up the kind of fields of wind
turbines already familiar elsewhere.
**** 'Smart gels' improve eyedrops, muscles, in-line skates - CNN Sci-Tech
They look like floating Christmas tree ornaments made of jello, bobbing
in a small aquarium. But he gel-like balls could prove instrumental in
helping treat wounds or improve eyedrops.
COMPUTERS, COMPUTER SCIENCE, AND THE INTERNET
**** Army tests virtual systems for soldier training - CNN Sci-Tech
While it's still effective to send infantry soldiers crawling through
the mud during basic training, the U.S. Army is testing four
virtual-reality systems that can simulate battlefields and teach
**** Remote-control system uses brain waves - CNN Sci-Tech
Something spooky's afoot. Lights turn on without warning. The TV flashes
channels at random. In the distance, a chime goes off. But there are no
ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, LINQUISTICS, AND PALEONTOLOGY
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES & ISSUES, GEOLOGY, METEOROLOGY, AND OCEANOGRAPHY
**** Study shows environmental risks of animal waste - EurekAlert
The staggering amount of animal waste produced on American farms often
pollutes water, and the risk is growing as more large-scale livestock
operations take hold, according to a new U.S. Senate study.
**** Egypt envisions future beyond the Nile - CNN Earth
A platoon of bulldozers plows methodically in the parched, unforgiving
dirt, waging a dust-choked mission across a sea of golden sand broken by
black cliffs and desert brush.
**** EPA makes record number of fines, referrals in 1997 - CNN Earth
The Environmental Protection Agency says it referred a record number of
cases for prosecution and assessed its largest total of fines in 1997.
**** Large amounts of animal manure pose environmental risks, study shows
- Nando Times
The huge amount of animal waste produced on American farms often pollutes
water, and the risk is growing as more large-scale livestock operations
take hold, according to a new U.S. Senate study
**** Has the world reached its 'Limits to Growth'? - Nando Times
Our blood ran cold as we sat in the dark that year, millions of
moviegoers chilled by the vision of "A Clockwork Orange," of a
"horrorshow" future of anarchy and violence.
**** Growing concerns about persistent organic pollutants - Excite.com News
Massive oil spills, fires at chemical plants and leaking radioactive
waste, because of the highly toxic materials involved, rarely fail to
attract widespread attention. Much less is known, however, about the
environmental and health effects of other chemicals that, while less
toxic, are much more widely distributed.
**** When's the air really dirty? - Excite.com News
How can Denver's air be so good and yet look so bad? The air quality is
undeniably better than it used to be. Just 25 years ago the metro area
exceeded federal air standards 125 times a year. And on almost every
winter day, the pollution was at levels harmful to public health.
**** Stepchildren May Expand Pool Of Caregivers For Baby Boomers - EurekAlert
Unprecedented rates of divorce and remarriage are already redefining
families of baby boomers. According to a new analysis from University of
California, Berkeley, when the boomers become the elderly of the future,
they will have impressive numbers of stepchildren and stepgrandchildren,
expanding the numbers of family members on whom they may rely, if
Robert Georgantas BS, MS, PhD (candidate)
Researcher in Experimental Immunotheraputics
Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
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