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Yeast Electroporation

Shun'ichi Kuroda skuroda at inherit.biosig.kobe-u.ac.jp
Thu Jun 29 19:42:17 EST 1995


I poosted the same question in this NG several weeks ago.  And I tried to modify 
the LiAc/PEG method and to introduce the electroporation method.  Finally, I got 
over 20000cfu/mcg by the modified LiCl/PEG method.
In case of the electroporation method, the efficiency is the same rate as that
of the LiCl/PEG method.  But the productivity of transformant cells is lower, 
because the cuvette capacity is limited.  To get sufficient amount of transformants,
I think 100 cuvettes will be required.  In addition, the electroporation method
shows severe strain dependency.

The critical points in LiAc/PEG method are follows:
1) The growth rate:  
10% overnight culture seed (OD650=0.2-0.3), 4-5hrs incubation (OD650=0.5-0.6)
in YPDA.
2) The cell density/DNA ratio: 
To get over 10exp7 colonies, the yeast cells from 1L culture and the 500mcg library
plasmid are required.
3) Carrier DNA (Important):
The sonicated and heat-denatured salmon sperm DNA is required.
The DNA must be denatured completely, which increase the efficiency 100-fold.
The size of the carrier DNA is not so critical, but I think the 5-10kbp average size
is best.
The bovine thymus DNA must be avoided, which gives always low efficiency and high
4) DMSO treatment:
It is not so important, but the efficiency incerases about 10-50%.
But ceratin strains show no change after DMSO treatmnent.
5) Heat treatment:
42 degree, 15 min is sufficient.  After heat treatment, chilling quickly is important.
6) Recovery process:
After the heat treatment, the incubation of the cells in 1L YPDA for 1hr with shaking
gives good results.

If you have any questions, do not hesitate to ask me.
I hepe you will get good results.

Biosignal Research Center
Kobe University
Tel: +81-78-803-1255
Fax: +81-78-803-0994

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