Perhaps the citation to the book by Jonathan Cole is "Fair Science"?
There is a second ed. more recent than the mid-1980s. The (in)famous
paper in Scientific American by Cole and Zuckerman that purports to
analyze the productivity of women as possibly influence by marriage
and children by following the citations of the women members of the NAS
(really appropriate for most of us!) There has been something recently
in Current Contents about the fact that although women publish fewer
papers, these papers are cited more by their peers. A complex issue.
Muriel lederman, Biology, VPI & SU