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BEN # 273

Adolf Ceska aceska at victoria.tc.ca
Tue Sep 25 09:38:51 EST 2001

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No. 273                              September 25, 2001

aceska at victoria.tc.ca                Victoria, B.C.
 Dr. A. Ceska, P.O.Box 8546, Victoria, B.C. Canada V8W 3S2

From: http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/habitat/Ramsar/EIndex.html

What is the Ramsar Convention?

Convention  on  Wetlands of International Importance, also known
as the Ramsar Convention , was named  after  the  city  in  Iran
where the text was first adopted in 1971 through the cooperation
of  18  nations.  The  Convention is an intergovernmental treaty
that provides the framework for  international  cooperation  for
the  conservation  of  the  World's  wetland habitats. As of May
1999, 114 nation states comprise the Contracting Parties to  the
Convention  worldwide.  Numerous observer organizations and non-
contracting nations also play an indirect role in  the  business
of  the  Convention.  Canada  became  a Contracting Party to the
Ramsar Convention in 1981. Contracting Parties to the Convention
have  recognized  that  wetlands  are  essential  not  only  for
hydrological  and  ecological  processes  but  also for the rich
fauna and flora they support as well as  for  human  activities.
The  Convention's  objectives focus on stemming the loss of wet-
lands and ensuring their conservation and sustainable  wise  use
for future generations.

As  of  May 1999, 36 Ramsar sites have been designated under the
Ramsar Convention in Canada. These sites are  found  in  all  of
Canada's  provinces and territories and cover a surface area, in
total, of over 13 million hectares of  designated  wetlands  and
associated  uplands.  Most  of  these sites are described in the
publication Wetlands  for  the  World:  Canada's  Ramsar  Sites.
Canada's  36  sites  represent  close to 20% of the wetland area
designated world-wide under the Convention to date.

Where are Canada's Ramsar Sites?

   Site/Location Year Established Area (ha)

   Atlantic Canada:
    1. Grand Codroy Estuary 1987 925
    2. Malpeque Bay 1988 24,440
    3. Chignecto 1985 1,020
    4. Musquodoboit Harbour Outer Estuary 1987 1,925
    5. Southern Bight, Minas Basin 1987 26,800
    6. Mary's Point 1982 1,200
    7. Shepody Bay 1987 12,200
    8. Tabusintac Estuary and Lagoon 1993 4,382

   Central Canada:
    9. Cap Tourmente 1981 2,398
   10. Baie de L'Isle-Verte 1987 2,028
   11. Lac Saint-François 1987 2,214
   12. Long Point 1982 13,730
   13. St.Clair 1985 244
   14. Point Pelee 1987 1,564
   15. Southern James Bay 1987 25,290
   16. Polar Bear Provincial Park 1987 2,408,700
   17. Mer Bleue 1996 1,840
   18. Matchedash Bay 1995 3,100
   19. Minesing Swamp 1996 6,000
   20. Lac St-Pierre 1998 11,952

   Western/Pacific Canada:
   21. Delta Marsh 1982 23,000
   22. Oak Hammock Marsh 1987 3,600
   23. Last Mountain Lake 1982 15,602
   24. Quill Lakes 1982 63,500
   25. Peace-Athabasca Delta 1982 321,300
   26. Hay-Zama Lakes 1982 50,000
   27. Beaverhill Lake 1987 18,050
   28. Alaksen 1982 586
   29. Creston Valley 1994 6,970

   Northern Canada:
   30. Whooping Crane Summer Range 1982 1,689,500
   31. Queen Maud Gulf 1982 6,278,200
   32. Rasmussen Lowlands 1982 300,000
   33. McConnell River 1982 32,800
   34. Dewey Soper 1982 815,900
   35. Polar Bear Pass 1982 262,400
   36. Old Crow Flats 1982 617,000

For more information on these sites see

From: Adolf Ceska [aceska at victoria.tc.ca]

Dierssen,  K.  2001.  Distribution,  ecological  amplitude   and
   phytosociological  characterization  of  European bryophytes.
   Bryophytorum Bibliotheca, Band 56.  J.  Cramer  in  Gebrueder
   Borntraeger,  Berlin-Stuttgart.  289  p.  ISBN  3-443-62028-0
   [softcover] Price DM 140.00.

   Available from:
   Gebr. Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung
   Johannesstr. 3 A
   D-70176 Stuttgart
   e-mail: mail at schweizerbart.de

In this compendium, Prof. Klaus Dierssen  (University  of  Kiel,
Germany)  listed  geographical  distribution, ecological charac-
teristics  and  phytosociological  preferences  of  about  1,150
mosses  and  about  450  liverworts  that occur in Europe and in
Macaronesia (Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira, and Capo Verde).

"Geographical  distribution"  is  expressed   by   the   formula
developed  by  Meusel  et  al.  ("_Vergleichende  Chorologie der
zentraleuropaeischen Flora_") and  widely  adopted  in  Central-
European  botanical  literature  (e.g.,  in a simplified form in
Rothmaler's "_Exkursionsflora_"). Threat categories  follow  the
IUCN  threat  classification  and are given for all taxa, except
those which are not threatened.

The section on "Ecological amplitude" gives preferences of  each
individual  species  for  acidity, nutrient availability, pollu-
tion, humidity, heat balance, light, substrate,  and  human  im-
pact.  Preferred habitats are summarized in one or more lines of
a "free language" description (e.g., "usually  on  decaying  or-
ganic  matter,  most  frequently  on  rotting  tree  stumps, oc-
casionally on old grass tussocks, on the border of peat diggings
and regionally on sandstone" for _Aulacomnium androgynum_).  The
"Life strategy category," equivalent to "life forms" in vascular
plants, is also listed for each species.

Under  "phytosociological  characterization"  the  author  lists
occurrences of each bryophyte species in bryophyte and  vascular
plant  communities.  In  this  part,  he  refers  to  two class-
ifications presented in the introduction, one on  the  bryophyte
communities  of Europe and the other on the "European vegetation
types more or less rich in bryophytes".

Over 28 pages of "Consulted literature" list about 600 bryologi-
cal and phytosociological publications.

Dr. Klaus Dierssen started his academic career as a  student  of
Prof.  Reinhold  Tuexen  (a  prominent  Central European guru of
plant sociology). He also spent some time at the  University  of
Freiburg,  where  he met Prof. Otti Wilmanns (a phytosociologist
who focused on  bryophytes)  and  Prof.  Erich  Oberdorfer  (who
produced  the  first  classical  synthesis of South-German plant
communities). In fact,  I  feel  that  Oberdorfer's  "_Pflanzen-
soziologische  Exkursionsflora_"  was  the  great inspiration to
Klaus Dierssen in producing this excellent summary of ecological
requirements and indicator values of bryophytes.

This is a unique book that contains plenty of useful information
on mosses and liverworts of Europe. Since many  species  treated
in  this  book  have wider distribution or are circumpolar, this
book will find an attentive audience outside  Europe.  In  North
America  it  will  be welcomed by bryologists, plant ecologists,
and everyone who is interested in vegetation and  its  bryophyte

For other titles in the Bryophytorum Bibliotheca series see:

From: Karen Golinski [golinski at uvic.ca] and
      Adolf Ceska [aceska at victoria.tc.ca]

[Dr.  A.W.H. (Ton) Damman died in his sleep on December 27, 2000
(BEN 263, January 16, 2001). In that issue  I  had  promised  to
post  his bibliography in the next issue, but the compilation of
this bibliography took much longer than expected. - AC]

Damman, A.W.H. & D.M.  de  Vries.  1954.  Testing  of  grassland
   associations   by   combinations  of  species.  Biol.  Jaarb.
   (Dodonaea), Antwerp 21: 35-46.
Damman, A.W.H. 1957. The  South-Swedish  Calluna-heath  and  its
   relation  to  the  _Calluneto-Genistetum_.  Botaniska Notiser
   110(3): 363-398.
Damman, A.W.H. 1962. Development of hydromorphic  humus  podzols
   and  some  notes on the classification of podzols in general.
   J. Soil Sci. 13: 92-97.
Damman, A.W.H. 1963. Key to the _Carex_ species of  Newfoundland
   by  vegetative characteristics. Dept. of Forestry publication
   no. 1017. Queen's Printer, Ottawa. 39 p.
Damman, A.W.H. 1964. Some forest types of  central  Newfoundland
   and  their  relation to environmental factors. Forest Science
   Monograph No. 8: 1-62. [Reprints issued  as  the  Forest  Re-
   search  Branch  Contribution No. 596, Department of Forestry,
Damman, A.W.H. 1965. The distribution patterns of  northern  and
   southern  elements  in the flora of Newfoundland. Rhodora 67:
Damman, A.W.H. 1965. Thin iron pans: Their  occurrence  and  the
   conditions   leading   to  their  development.  Canada  Dept.
   Forestry, Inform. Rep. N-X-2. 14 p.
Damman, A.W.H. 1967.  The  Forest  Vegetation  of  Western  New-
   foundland  and  Site  Degradation  Associated with Vegetation
   Change. Ph.D. Thesis.  University  of  Michigan,  Ann  Arbor,
   Michigan. 319 p.
McKeague,  J.A.,  A.W.H.  Damman,  &  P.K.  Heringa. 1968. Iron-
   manganese and other pans in some soils of Newfoundland.  Can.
   J. Soil Sci. 48: 243-253.
Damman,  A.W.H.  1971.  Effect of vegetation changes on the fer-
   tility of a Newfoundland forest site.  Ecological  Monographs
   41: 253-270.
Damman,  A.W.H. 1975. Permanent changes in the chronosequence of
   a boreal forest habitat induced by natural disturbances.  Pp.
   499-515 in Schmidt, W. [ed.] Sukzessionsforschung : (Rinteln,
   16.-19. 4. 1973) - Berichte der internationalen Symposien der
   Internationalen Vereinigung fuer Vegetationskunde. J. Cramer,
   Vaduz. 622 p.
Damman,  A.W.H.  1976.  Plant distribution in Newfoundland espe-
   cially in relation to summer temperatures measured  with  the
   sucrose  inversion  method.  Canadian  Journal  of Botany 54:
Damman, A.W.H. 1977.  Geographical  changes  in  the  vegetation
   pattern  of  raised  bogs in the Bay of Fundy region of Maine
   and New Brunswick. Vegetatio 35 (3): 137-151.
Damman, A.W.H. 1978. Distribution and movement  of  elements  in
   ombrotrophic peat bogs. Oikos 30: 480-495.
Damman,   A.W.H.   1979.   Amphi-Atlantic  correlations  in  the
   Oxycocco-Sphagnetea:   a   critical   evaluation.   Documents
   Phytosociologiques N.S. (Lille) 4: 187-195.
Damman, A.W.H. 1979. Geographic patterns in peatland development
   in  eastern  North  America.  Pp.  42-57  in: Kivinen, E., L.
   Heikurainen, and P.  Pakarinen  [eds.]  Symposium  on  Class-
   ification of Peat and Peatlands, Hyytiala, Finland, September
   17-21, 1979. International Peat Society, 367 p.
Damman,  A.W.H.  1979.  Mobilization  and  Accumulation of Heavy
   Metals in Freshwater Wetlands. U.S. Dept.  Inter.  Rep.  OWRT
   Project A-073-CONN. 14 pp.
Damman,   A.W.H.   1980.  Ecological  and  floristic  trends  in
   ombrotrophic bogs of eastern North  America.  Pp.  61-79  in:
   J.M.  Gehu  (ed.).  La  vegetation des sols tourbeux. Lille -
   1978. Colloques Phytosociologiques,  VII.  J.  Cramer,  Vaduz
   [Liechtenstein]. 494 p.
Damman,  A.W.H.,  and  J.J. Dowhan. 1981. Vegetation and habitat
   condition in  Western  Head  Bog,  a  southern  Nova  Scotian
   plateau bog. Canadian Journal of Botany 59: 1343-1359.
Damman,  A.W.H. 1983. An ecological subdivision of the island of
   Newfoundland. Pp. 163-206 in: South G.R.  [ed.]  Biogeography
   and  Ecology  of  the  Island  of  Newfoundland. Monographiae
   biologicae v. 48. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague. 723 p.
Metzler, K.J. & A.W.H. Damman. 1985. Vegetation patterns in  the
   Connecticut  River  flood  plain in relation to frequency and
   duration of flooding. Naturaliste canadien, Quebec 112:  535-
Damman,  A.W.H. 1986. Hydrology, development and biogeochemistry
   of ombrogenous peat bogs with special reference  to  nutrient
   relocation in a western Newfoundland bog. Canadian Journal of
   Botany 64: 384-394.
Damman,  A.W.H.  1987.  Variation  in ombrotrophy: chemical dif-
   ferences among and within ombrotrophic bogs.  Pp.  85-93  in:
   C.D.A Rubec & R.P. Overend [eds.] Proceedings: Symposium 1987
   Wetlands/ Peatlands, August 23-27, Edmonton, Alberta.
Damman,  A.W.H. & French, T.W. 1987. The ecology of peat bogs of
   the  glaciated  northeastern  United  States:   a   community
   profile.  U.S.  Fish & Wildlife Serv. Biol. Rep. 85(7.16) 100
Damman, A.W.H. 1988. Regulation of nitrogen removal  and  reten-
   tion in Sphagnum bogs and other peatlands. Oikos 51: 291-305.
Damman,  A.W.H.  1988.  Spatial  and  seasonal  changes in water
   chemistry and vegetation in an ombrogenous bog.  Pp.  107-119
   in:  Verhoeven,  J.T.A.,  G.W.  Heil,  & M.J.A. Werger [eds.]
   Vegetation Structure  in  Relation  to  Carbon  and  Nutrient
   Economy. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, The Netherlands.
Damman,  A.W.H. 1990. Nutrient status of ombrotrophic peat bogs.
   Aquilo Ser Bot. 28: 5-14.
Johnson, L.C., A.W.H. Damman, & N. Malmer. 1990. Sphagnum macro-
   structure as an indicator of decay  and  compaction  in  peat
   cores  from  an ombrotrophic south Swedish peat-bog. J. Ecol.
   78: 633-647.
Benoit, J.M., A.W.H. Damman, & W.F.  Fitzgerald.  1991.  Mercury
   distribution  and depositional fluxes in an ombrotrophic peat
   bog in Minnesota. Abstracts, The Biogeochemistry of  Wetlands
   Symposium,  Louisiana State University. February 10-13, 1991,
   Baton Rouge, LA.
Johnson, L.C. & A.W.H. Damman. 1991. Species-regulated decay  in
   bog,  fen  and ash forest in northern Maine. [Abstract] Bull.
   Ecol. Soc. Amer. 72 (2 Suppl.): 156.
Johnson, L.C. & A.W.H. Damman. 1991. Species-controlled Sphagnum
   decay on a south Swedish raised bog. Oikos 61: 234-242.
Benoit, J.M., W.F. Fitzgerald, & A.W.H. Damman. 1992. Historical
   atmospheric mercury distribution in the mid-continental  U.S.
   as recorded in an ombrotrophic peat bog. Abstracts 2nd Inter-
   national  Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant. May 31
   - June 4, 1992, Monterey, CA.
Tolonen, K., H. Vasander, A.W.H. Damman,  &  R.S.  Clymo.  1992.
   Rate  of  apparent  and  true  carbon  accumulation in boreal
   peatlands. Proceedings of the  9th  International  Peat  Con-
   gress, Uppsala, Sweden, 22-26 June 1992, Vol. 1: 319-333.
Damman,  A.W.H.,  K.  Tolonen,  &  T.  Sallantaus. 1993. Element
   retention and removal in ombrotrophic peat of Haadetkeidas, a
   boreal Finnish peat bog. Suo, Helsinki 43("1992"): 137-145.
Tolonen, K., H. Vasander, A.W.H. Damman,  &  R.S.  Clymo.  1993.
   Preliminary  estimate  of  long-term  carbon accumulation and
   loss in 25 boreal peatlands. Suo, Helsinki  43("1992"):  277-
Johnson, L.C. & A.W.H. Damman. 1993. Decay and its regulation in
   _Sphagnum_ peatlands. Advances in Bryology 5: 249-296.
Benoit, J.M., W.F. Fitzgerald, & A.W.H. Damman. 1994. Historical
   atmospheric  mercury deposition in the mid-continental United
   States as recorded in an ombrotrophic peat bog.  Pp.  187-202
   in:  C.J.  Watras  &  J.W. Huckabee [eds.] Mercury pollution:
   integration and synthesis. Lewis Press, Boca Raton,  FL.  727
Damman,  A.W.H. 1995. Major mire vegetation units in relation to
   the concepts of ombrotrophy  and  minerotrophy:  a  worldwide
   perspective. Gunneria, Trondheim 70: 23-34.
   [Note:  Gunneria  70:1-344  is  a  collection  of  papers  on
   "Regional variation  and  conservation  of  mire  ecosystems"
   submitted  to  the  International  Mire  Conservation  Group,
   edited  by  A.  Moen  and  published  by  the  University  of
   Trondheim, Norway.]
Damman,  A.W.H.  1995.  Boreal  peatlands  in Norway and eastern
   North America: a comparison. Gunneria, Trondheim 70: 43-65.
Damman, A.W.H. 1996. Peat accumulation in fens and bogs: effects
   of hydrology and fertility. Pp. 213-222 in: Laiho, R. et  al.
   (eds.)  Northern peatlands in global climate change. Proceed-
   ings of  the  International  Workshop,  October  8-12,  1995,
   Hyytiala,  Finland.  Publications  of  the Academy of Finland
   1/96, Helsinki. 314 p.
Benoit, J.M.,  W.F.  Fitzgerald,  &  A.W.H.  Damman.  1998.  The
   biogeochemistry  of an ombrotrophic bog: evaluation of use as
   an archive of atmospheric mercury  deposition.  Environmental
   Research, Section A 78: 118-133.
Fitzgerald,  W.F.,  C.H.  Lamborg, A.W.H. Damman, J.M. Benoit, &
   P.H. Balcom. 1999. Contemporary and Historical Eolian Deposi-
   tional Fluxes of Mercury: Archival  Records  In  Ombrotrophic
   Bogs  and  Lake  Sediments  From Nova Scotia and New Zealand.
   Abstracts 5th International Conference on Mercury as a Global
   Pollutant, Rio de Janeiro Spring, May 23-28, 1999.
Lamborg, C.H., W.F. Fitzgerald, A.W.H. Damman, J.M. Benoit, P.H.
   Balcom, & D.R. Engstrom. 2000. Atmospheric Mercury Fluxes  As
   Recorded  in  Lake  Sediments: The Lack of an Historic Global
   Signal From Au and Ag Mining. Published in the proceedings of
   the Conference on Assessing and Managing  Mercury  From  His-
   toric  and  Current  Mining  Activities  (U.S.  Environmental
   Protection Agency). San Francisco, California, November 28  -
   30, 2000.
Fitzgerald,  W.F.,  C.H.  Lamborg,  C.-M. Tseng,  D.R. Engstrom,
   A.W.H. Damman,  J.M. Benoit, &  P.H. Balcom. 2001. Modern and
   Historic Atmospheric  Mercury  Fluxes  in  both  Hemispheres:
   Global  and Regional Mercury Cycling Implications. Abstracts,
   6th International Conference on  Mercury  as  a  Global  Pol-
   lutant,  Minamata, Japan, October 15-19, 2001. (manuscript in
   preparation with C.H. Lamborg as first author)

Acknowledgements: We would like to thank Drs.  Denisa  Blazkova,
Kendrick  Brown,  Loretta  Johnson,  Williams  F. Fitzgerald and
Pekka Pakarinen for their help with compiling this bibliography.

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