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[Molecular-evolution] Re: 50 things every biologist should know

mol-evol at iubio.bio.indiana.edu mol-evol at iubio.bio.indiana.edu
Wed Apr 27 01:54:57 EST 2005


You missed some very key questions.

A.=09CHEMISTRY

1.=09What is an atom?
2.=09What is a molecule?
3.=09What causes water to be green?
4.=09What are the two laws of thermodynamics?
5.=09What are the four unique properties of water?
6.=09What three elements define organic compounds?
7.=09What is an element?
8.=09What is a protein
9.=09What is a carbohydrate?
10.=09What is a lipid?

10a= 09 What is an sp3 orbital?

B.=09MOLECULAR

11.=09What is DNA?
12.=09What is a gene?
13.=09What is natural selection?
        13b. Are evolution and natural selection synonymous terms?
14.=09What is a chromosome?
15.=09What are the four principles of Mendelian genetics
16.=09What is a genome?
17.=09How is DNA replicated?
18.=09What is epistasis?
19.=09What are the sources of genetic variation?
20.=09What is epigenesis?

20a = 09 What is a prion?




C.=09EVOLUTION

21.=09What does the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium predict, and what is the imp=
ortance of the model assumptions?
22.=09How have continents moved and how has that affected the formation and=
 distribution
of species?
23.=09What is evolution?
24.=09What is the difference between micro and macro-evolution?
25.=09Can you read a phylogenetic tree?
26.=09What are the kingdoms of living organisms?
27.=09Finish the following Kingdom, Phylum=E2=80=A6
28.=09What is the =E2=80=9CEvolutionary Synthesis=E2=80=9D?
29.=09Is evolution progressive?
30.=09What comes first: the adaptation or the selective pressure?
31.=09What is meant by the =E2=80=9Cinheritance of acquired traits=E2=80=9D=
, who made this claim, and why was he wrong?
32.=09What is the object of natural selection?
33.=09Are cladogenesis and anagenesis synonymous terms?
34.=09What is a phenotype?
34a=09What are the fundamental implications of the Cell Theory?

D.=09CELLULAR

35.=09What is osmosis?
36.=09What are the key differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes
37.=09What is mitosis and what happens during mitosis?
38.=09What is meiosis and what happens during meiosis?
39.=09What are the ? cell organelles and what are their functions?
40.=09What are the key differences between plant and animal cells?
41.=09What is a cell?

41a=09What are the two systems of the endoplasmic reticula?


E.=09ENERGY/MATTER

42.=09What is photosynthesis?
43.=09What is glycolysis?
44.=09What is the Kreb=E2=80=99s cycle?
45.=09How does energy flow and matter cycle?
46.=09What is a trophic level?
47.=09How does water cycle?
48.=09Can you describe the cycles for key nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, =
carbon)
49.=09What is biomagnification?

49a=09Describe the fundamental roles of ubiquinone?





F.=09ECOLOGY

50.=09What is the Theory of Island Biogeography?
51.=09What are r and K selected life histories?
52.=09What is an ecosystem?

52a=09What is global worming?


G.=09GENERAL

53.=09What are Newton=E2=80=99s Laws?
54.=09What are the key organs in the human body and what are their function=
s?
55.=09What are Theories, hypotheses and predictions and how do they differ?



55=09 What are Conjectures, and what properties must they have to be
falsifiable?


56.=09What are the important plant structures and their functions?
57.=09What is homeostasis and why is it important?
58.=09What is the scientific method?
59.=09What is a confidence interval?
60.=09What is an ANOVA?

61 = 09 Describe the evolution of peroxisomes back to thermophila.


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