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Available: New version of DNA Translator stack

Doug_Eernisse at UB.CC.UMICH.EDU Doug_Eernisse at UB.CC.UMICH.EDU
Fri May 3 17:16:14 EST 1991

I last posted a note about my HyperCard stack last November, and the
new features require a new description. Especially note that it is
now possible to convert a typical GenBank/EMBL documented sequence
file into a "smart" rescalable gene map, whose sequences of interest
can be click-extracted:
Features of DNA Translator HyperCard 2.0 stack, Version .98.7 5/3/91
Copyright 1990,1991 D.J. Eernisse
Email: usergdef at ub.cc.umich.edu or usergdef at umichub 
Mailing address: Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109
*****************Send a postcard of your hometown************************
The DNA Translator is a HyperCard 2.0 stack providing three complementary
sets of utilities for viewing and manipulating molecular data on a
Macintosh computer. First, DNA Translator displays codon and amino acid
usage data as it differs for a wide variety of organisms and organelles.
Dynamically-constructed graphs display percentage usage for a particular
codon relative to the other 63 codons or to only other codons with
equivalent amino acid coding. A user can select from a diverse list of some
70 taxon-organelle combinations. Second, a "gene mapping" facility draws
and displays 2 linearized gene maps for comparison, automatically
adjustable to desired scales and locations along all or part of the mapped
molecule. Maps and select corresponding complete sequence data are provided
for most available fully documented mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA
(mtDNA and cpDNA) sequences, which include 9 animal, 1 yeast, and 1 ciliate
mtDNAs and 3 green plant cpDNAs. Additional gene maps may be user-created
by a direct file conversion of standard GenBank- or EMBL-format documented
sequences and their features tables. Third, DNA Translator is a powerful
workbench of specialized sequence manipulation tools, catering especially
to those with interests in phylogenetic analysis. A user can extract any
available sequences for a particular mapped gene or region, or import one
or more sequence in a variety of formats, including multiple aligned
sequence output of various programs (EuGene, Prophet, CLUSTAL, Nexus,
PHYLIP, etc.), and then further manipulate, interleave, compare or
translate the gene sequences to amino acids. Multiple aligned sequences can
be converted to Nexus, Hennig86 or PHYLIP for subsequent phylogenetic
analysis. Most known deviations from the "universal" code, which are
typical for mtDNAs, may optionally be used during translation.
The codon usage, translation and gene mapping data may be exported or
imported in spreadsheet format for incorporating additional molecules of
interest or in various standard formats (UWGCG, GenBank,
EMBL,Intelligenetics). A built-in editor supports sequence entry with
optional computer-speaking for error checking, and a variety of output
conversion options. The current version is freely available via anonymous
ftp for noncommercial use only.
A.   Import Formats Accepted
   1.   Multiple sequence alignments
      a.   Simple text files of string sequences, with or without
           interleaves or match characters
      b.   MBIR (EuGene, Prophet) "Doolittle" progressive alignments
      c.   CLUSTAL nucleo- or peptide output.
      d.   Nexus (PAUP, MacClade) files
      e.   Phylip "Result" output files
   2.   String sequences
      a.   String sequence text files of the form: Name AGCTACCT...
      b.   Data input from built-in sequence entry editor
      c.   Sequences extracted from the provided gene mapper
      d.   String output generated by many commonly used programs
   3.   GenBank/EMBL or PIR-CODATA documented sequence files
      a.   Converted to string sequences for use in conversions below
      b.   GenBank or EMBL documented features to spreadsheet matrix
      c.   Matrix directly convertable to rescalable gene map
      d.   Gene map allows extraction of any mapped or custom subsequence
B. Conversions provided
   1.   Multiple sequence alignments (A1) converted/exported
        in the following formats:
      a.   Nexus (PAUP, MacClade) with optional cost matrices added
      b.   Phylip 3.2 or 3.3 formats
      c.   Hennig86 (Nucleotide data only)
      d.   Multiple sequence strings (A2a) with gaps preserved or deleted
   2.   String sequences (A2a,B1d) converted/exported in the
        following formats or:
      a.   Unmodified to be reimported or converted as needed
      b.   As straight single sequence strings for import by MBIR
           (EuGene, Prophet), Authorin, Gene Construction Kit, etc.
      c.   Intelligenetics format for import by many programs
      d.   GenBank, EMBL, or PIR-CODATA formats for viewing or import
           by many programs
      e.   Simple interleaved format with optional match characters
           for manual alignment or reimport (A1a)
      f.   Subsequence, DNA <-> RNA,  upper <-> lower case, complementary
           strand sequence conversions
   3.   DNA/RNA -> peptide translation
      >   1st, 1st & 2nd, or all 3 possible reading frames output
      >   Formatted output displays codons below amino acid abbreviations
          with either 1- or 3-letter amino acid abbreviations
      >   String output is useful for export or conversion (B2)
      >   May use standard or any provided codon usage table
      >   Additional custom codon usage tables may be added
      >   Codons with ambiguous nucleotide symbols (IUPAC-IUB) are
          translated as appropriate when translation is unambiguous
      >   Optional termination when stop codons are encountered
   4.   Peptide -> DNA translation
      >   Peptide strings may be backtranslated, using the reverse of
          whichever codon usage table the user selects
      >   Backtranslation uses IUPAC-IUB conventions for ambiguous
D.   Nucleotide or peptide sequence entry
      >   Special Editor field has autoformatting capabilities
      >   Adjustable computer speaking supported during or after entry
      >   Sequences may be edited, manipulated, or exported (B2) 
E.   Data provided with stack
      >   Codon usage patterns for about 70 organism/organelle combinations
      >   Most mitochondrial variation in coding supported (3)
      >   Gene maps of 11 mtDNAs plus string sequences
      >   Gene map matrices for 3 green plant chloroplast DNAs 
F.   General Features
      >   Online help facility is available from any card in stack
      >   References, taxon names, and sample data provided
      >   Pulldown or popup menus or dialogs used for commands
      >   Buttons or pulldown menus are used for stack navigation
      >   Data fields may be locked or unlocked for text entry
      >   Data fields shrink down or expand by clicking
      >   Contents of fields exportable as text or printable
      >   Default word processor for exported text files can be chosen
      >   PAUP/MacClade specification for exported Nexus files
      >   PAUP/MacClade open directly from the stack
      >   Add gene mapping or utility cards as required
      >   All data, scripts and resources used are easily accessible
      >   Custom XFCNs by Nigel Perry enable efficient manipulations 
G.   Hardware and System Requirements
      >   Requires any Macintosh that can run HyperCard 2.0
      >   HyperCard 2.0 (Widely available for Macintosh owners)
      >   Macintosh System 6.0.5 or greater (for HyperCard 2.0)
      >   2 or more MB Ram recommended 
H.   Availability of current version (.98.7)
      >   (For now) Anonymous ftp to ub.cc.umich.edu (
          After connection type 'cd gdef' and 'get dnastack'
          Resulting file needs to be "debinhexed"
      >   (Soon) Anonymous ftp to at least the following site
          IuBio.Bio.Indiana.Edu  ( cd [.molbio.mac]
          get DNASTACK.HQX (old version there now does not convert
          GenBank/EMBL sequences to gene maps)
      >   (Soon) EMBL file server by sending the command:
          Entire package is approximately 430K in binhexed form
******************Sequence Speaker HyperCard 2.0 stack************** 
********************Copyright 1990 by D. J. Eernisse****************
Follow above instructions but ftp to 'um.cc.umich.edu' and 'cd legd'
and 'get SeqSpeak', then after downloading 'debinhex'.
      >   Speaks DNA/RNA or Peptide or All Letters & Numbers
      >   Speaks during or after entry with volume and speed controls
      >   Imports or exports text files and fontsize adjustable
      >   Simple stack - just ask my 3-year old

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